40 Developmental Assets
Assets are defined as the 40 key building blocks that are critical for young people's successful growth and development. The chart below outlines both internal and external assets:
External Assets - These come from outside teens - from us, other people, institutions, etc. They surround teens with support, boundaries, and structure they need to thrive.
Internal Assets - These are the commitments, attitudes, values and skills that support youth from within.
1. Family support-Family life provides high levels of love and support.
2. Positive family communication-Young person and her or his parent(s) communicate positively, and young person is willing to seek parent(s) advice and counsel.
3. Other adult relationships-Young person receives support from three or more non-parent adults.
4. Caring neighborhood-Young person experiences caring neighbors.
5. Caring school climate-School provides a caring, encouraging environment.
6. Parent involvement in schooling-Parent(s) are actively involved in helping young person succeed in school.
7. Community values youth-Young person perceives that adults in the community value youth.
8. Youth as resources-Young people are given useful roles in the community.
9. Service to others-Young person serves in the community one hour or more per week.
10. Safety-Young person feels safe at home, school, and in the neighborhood.
Boundaries and Expectations
11. Family boundaries-Family has clear rules and consequences, and monitors the young person’s whereabouts.
12. School boundaries-School provides clear rules and consequences.
13. Neighborhood boundaries-Neighbors take responsibility for monitoring young people’s behavior.
14. Adult role models-Parent(s) and other adults model positive, responsible behavior.
15. Positive peer influence-Young person’s best friends model responsible behavior.
16. High expectations-Both parent(s) and teachers encourage the young person to do well.
Constructive Use of Time
17. Creative activities-Young person spends three or more hours per week in lessons or practice in music, theatre, or other arts.
18. Youth programs-Young person spends three or more hours per week in sports, clubs, or organizations at school and or in community organizations.
19. Religious community-Young person spends one or more hours per week in activities in a religious institution.
20. Time at home-Young person is out with friends with nothing special to do two or fewer night per week.
Commitment to Learning
21. Achievement motivation-Young person is motivated to do well in school.
22. School engagement-Young person is actively engaged in learning.
23. Homework-Young person reports doing at least one hour of homework every school day.
24. Bonding to school-Young person cares about his or her school.
25. Reading for pleasure-Young person reads for pleasure three or more hours per week.
26. Caring-Young person places high value on helping other people.
27. Equality and social justice-Young person places high value on promoting equality and reducing hunger and poverty.
28. Integrity-Young person acts on convictions and stands up for her or his beliefs.
29. Honesty-Young person tells the truth even when it is not easy.
30. Responsibility-Young person accepts and takes personal responsibility.
31. Restraint-Young person believes it is important not to be sexually active or to use alcohol or other drugs.
32. Planning and decision-making-Young person knows how to plan ahead and make choices.
33. Interpersonal competence-Young person has empathy, sensitivity, and friendship skills.
34. Cultural competence-Young person has knowledge of and comfort with people of different cultural/racial/ethnic backgrounds.
35. Resistance skills-Young person can resist negative peer pressure and dangerous situations.
36. Peaceful conflict resolution-Young person seeks to resolve conflict non-violently.
37. Personal power-Young person feels he or she has control over “things that happen to me”.
38. Self-esteem-Young person reports having a high self-esteem.
39. Sense of purpose-Young person reports that “my life has a purpose”.
40. Positive view of personal future-Young person is optimistic about her or his personal future.
KIDS NEED MORE ASSETS
While there is no "magic number" of assets young people should have, the data
indicates 31 is a worthy, though challenging, benchmark for experiencing their
positive impact the most. Yet, as this chart shows,only 9 percent of youth have
31 or more assets.More then half have 20 or fewer assets.
The good news is that assets are powerful and that everyone can build them. The
challenge for all of us is that most young people aren’t experiencing enough of
The Gap in Assets Among Youth
OVER 56% OF YOUTH EXPERIENCE LESS THAN 20 ASSETS
Power Of One